Đám Mây Ichimoku

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Cory Mitchell, CMT is the founder of TradeThatSwing.com. He has been a professional day và swing trader since 2005. Cory is an expert on stoông xã, forex and futures price action trading strategies.

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Charles is a nationally recognized capital markets speciadanh mục and educator who has spent the last three decades developing in-depth training programs for burgeoning financial professionals.

What Is the Ichimoku Cloud?

The Ichimoku Cloud is a collection of technical indicators that show tư vấn & resistance levels, as well as momentum and trend direction. It does this by taking multiple averages and plotting them on a chart. It also uses these figures to lớn compute a “cloud” that attempts khổng lồ forecast where the price may find tư vấn or resistance in the future.


The Ichimoku Cloud was developed by Goibỏ ra Hosoda, a Japanese journamenu, & published in the late 1960s. It provides more data points than the standard candlestiông chồng chart. While it seems complicated at first glance, thosefamiliar with how to lớn read the charts often find it easy lớn underst& with well-defined trading signals.


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The Ichimoku Cloud is composed of five lines or calculations, two of which comprise a cloud where the difference between the two lines is shaded in.The cloud is a key part of the indicator. When the price is below the cloud, the trover is down. When the price is above the cloud, the trover is up.

The Formulas for the Ichimoku Cloud

The following are the five formulas for the lines that comprise the Ichimoku Cloud indicator.


ConversionLine(tenkansen)=9-PH+9-PL2BaseLine(kijunsen)=26-PH+26-PL2LeadingSpanA(senkouspanA)=CL+BaseLine2LeadingSpanB(senkouspanB)=52-PH+52-PL2LaggingSpan(chikouspan)=Closeplotted26periodsLaggingSpan(chikouspan)=inthepastwhere:PH=PeriodhighPL=PeriodlowCL=Conversionlineeginaligned& extConversion Line (tenkan sen) = frac ext9-PH + ext9-PL2 \& extBase Line (kijun sen) = frac ext26-PH + 26-PL2 \& extLeading Span A (senkou span A) = frac extCL + Base Line2 \& extLeading Span B (senkou span B)= frac ext52-PH + 52-PL2 \& extLagging Span (chikou span) = extClose plotted 26 periods \&phantom extLagging Span (chikou span) = extin the past \& extbfwhere: \& extPH = extPeriod high \& extPL = extPeriod low \& extCL = extConversion lineendaligned​ConversionLine(tenkansen)=29-PH+9-PL​BaseLine(kijunsen)=226-PH+26-PL​LeadingSpanA(senkouspanA)=2CL+BaseLine​LeadingSpanB(senkouspanB)=252-PH+52-PL​LaggingSpan(chikouspan)=Closeplotted26periodsLaggingSpan(chikouspan)=inthepastwhere:PH=PeriodhighPL=PeriodlowCL=Conversionline​


How lớn Calculate the Ichimoku Cloud

The highs and lows are the highest & lowest prices seen during the period—for example, the highest & lowest prices seen over the last nine days in the case of the conversion line. Adding the Ichimoku Cloud indicator to your chart will vày the calculations for you, but if you want lớn calculate it by h&, here are the steps:


Calculate the Conversion Line và the Base Line.Calculate Leading Span A based on the prior calculations. Once calculated, this data point is plotted 26 periods inkhổng lồ the future.Calculate Leading Span B. Plot this data point 26 periods inlớn the future.The difference between Leading Span A and Leading Span B is colored in to create the cloud.When Leading Span A is above Leading Span B, color the cloud green. When Leading Span A is below Leading Span B, color the cloud red.The above steps will create one data point. To create the lines, as each period comes to lớn an over, go through the steps again to lớn create new data points for that period. Connect the data points khổng lồ each other to create the lines & cloud appearance.

What Does the Ichimoku Cloud Tell You?

The technical indicator shows relevant information at a glance by using averages.


The overall trover is up when the price is above the cloud, down when the price is below the cloud, & trendless or transitioning when the price is in the cloud.


When Leading Span A is rising and above sầu Leading Span B, this helps to lớn confirm the uptrend and the space between the lines is typically colored green. When Leading Span A is falling và below Leading Span B, this helps confirm the downtrkết thúc. The space between the lines is typically colored red in this case.

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Traders will often use the Ichimoku Cloud as an area of tư vấn & resistance depending on the relative location of the price. The cloud provides support/resistance levels that can be projected inlớn the future. This sets the Ichimoku Cloud apart from many other technical indicators that only provide support và resistance levels for the current date and time.


Traders should use the Ichimoku Cloud in conjunction with other technical indicators to lớn maximize their risk-adjusted returns. For example, the indicator is often paired with the relative sầu strength index (RSI), which can be used lớn confirm momentum in a certain direction. It’s also important khổng lồ look at the bigger trends to lớn see how the smaller trends fit within them. For example, during a very svào downtrover, the price may push inlớn the cloud or slightly above it, temporarily, before falling again. Only focusing on the indicator would mean missing the bigger picture that the price was under svào longer-term selling pressure.


Crossovers are another way that the indicator can be used. Watch for the conversion line to move above sầu the base line, especially when the price is above sầu the cloud. This can be a powerful buy signal. One option is lớn hold the trade until the conversion line drops bachồng below the base line. Any of the other lines could be used as exit points as well.


The Difference Between the Ichimoku Cloud and Moving Averages

While the Ichimoku Cloud uses averages, they are different than a typical moving average. Simple moving averages take closing prices, add them up, and divide that total by how many closing prices there are. In a 10-period moving average, the closing prices for the last 10 periods are added, then divided by 10 lớn get the average.


Notice how the calculations for the Ichimoku Cloud are different. They are based on highs & lows over a period and then divided by two. Therefore, Ichimoku averages will be different than traditional moving averages, even if the same number of periods are used.


Limitations of Using the Ichimoku Cloud

The indicator can make a chart look busy with all the lines. To remedy this, most charting software allows certain lines to be hidden. For example, all of the lines can be hidden except for Leading Span A và Leading Span B, which create the cloud. Each trader needs to lớn focus on which lines provide the most information, then consider hiding the rest if all of the lines are distracting.


Another limitation of the Ichimoku Cloud is that it is based on historical data. While two of these data points are plotted in the future, there is nothing in the formula that is inherently predictive. Averages are simply being plotted in the future.


The cloud can also become irrelevant for long periods of time, as the price remains way above sầu or way below it. At times like these, the conversion line, the base line, and their crossovers become more important, as they generally stick closer to lớn the price.


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